Thymol also known as 2-isopropylmethylphenolIPMP timol ad alcolismo a natural monoterpenoid phenol derivative of cymene timol ad alcolismo, C 10 H 14 O, isomeric with carvacrolfound in oil of thymeand extracted from Thymus vulgaris common thymeAjwain  and various other kinds of plants as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties.
Thymol also provides the distinctive, strong flavor of the culinary herb thymetimol ad alcolismo produced from T. Thymol is only slightly soluble in water at neutral pHbut it is extremely soluble in alcohols and other organic solvents. It is also soluble in strongly alkaline aqueous solutions due to deprotonation of the phenol. Thymol has a refractive index of 1. Regions lacking natural sources of thymol obtain the compound via total synthesis. The bee balms Monarda fistulosa and Monarda didymaNorth American wildflowers, are natural sources of thymol.
The Blackfoot Native Americans recognized these plants' strong antiseptic action, and used poultices of the plants for skin infections and minor wounds.
A tisane made from them was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. Thymol was first isolated by the German chemist Caspar Neumann in Lallemand named thymol and determined its empirical formula.
An in vitro study found thymol and carvacrol to be highly effective in reducing the minimum inhibitory concentration of several antibiotics against zoonotic pathogens and food spoilage bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium SGI 1 and Timol ad alcolismo pyogenes ermB.
Thyme essential oil is useful in preservation of food. The antibacterial properties of thymol, a major part of thyme essential oil, as well as other constituents, are in part associated with their lipophilic character, leading to accumulation timol ad alcolismo bacterial membranes and subsequent membrane-associated events, such as energy depletion. The antifungal nature of thymol against some fungi that are pathogenic to plants is due to its ability to alter the hyphal morphology and cause hyphal aggregates, resulting in reduced hyphal diameters and lyses of the hyphal wall.
Thymol has been used in alcohol solutions and in dusting powders for the treatment of tinea or ringworm infections, and was used in the United States to treat hookworm infections. When used to reduce plaque and gingivitis, thymol has been found timol ad alcolismo be more effective when used in combination with chlorhexidine than when used purely by itself.
Thymol has been used to successfully control varroa mites and prevent fermentation and the growth of mold in bee coloniesmethods developed by beekeeper R. Inthe U. Environmental Protection Agency EPA reviewed the research literature on the toxicology and environmental impact of thymol and concluded that "thymol has minimal potential timol ad alcolismo and poses minimal risk".
Studies have shown that hydrocarbon monoterpenes and thymol in particular degrade rapidly DT 50 16 days in water, 5 days in soil  in the environment and are, thus, low risks because of rapid dissipation and low bound residues,  supporting the use of thymol as a pesticide agent timol ad alcolismo offers a safe alternative to other more persistent chemical pesticides that can be dispersed in runoff and produce subsequent contamination.
Media related to Thymol at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Thymeol. CAS Number. Interactive image. CC C c1ccc C cc1O. Chemical formula. Solubility in water. ATCvet code. Retrieved 1 April New York, NY. Sbornik Trudov Armyanskogo Filial. Industrial Chemical Cresols and Downstream Derivatives. Foerst, Wilhelm ed. New York: Academic Press. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the West. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.
On pagehe mentions that during the course of these experiments, he obtained a crystalline substance from thyme oil, which he called " Camphora Thymi " camphor of thyme. Neumann gave the name "camphor" not only to the specific substance that today is timol ad alcolismo camphor, but to any crystalline substance that precipitated from a volatile, fragrant oil from some plant.
Comptes Rendus in French. International Journal of Food Microbiology. Pharmaceutical Biology. In: Natural Antimicrobials from Plants. Gould G. New Methods of Food Preservation. Plant Pathol.
The Rural School and Hookworm Disease. Timol ad alcolismo Bureau of Education Bulletin. Timol ad alcolismo, DC: U.
Government Printing Office. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. Oral Microbiol. BBC News. Pest Manag. US Environmental Protection Agency. September Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Olga Tzakou ed. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Food Chemistry. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung A. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. Journal of Food Engineering.
Industrial Crops and Products. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids. Archived from the original PDF on 11 April Retrieved timol ad alcolismo July Archived from the original PDF on 22 July Retrieved 21 April GABA A receptor positive modulators. Etomidate Metomidate Propoxate. Fospropofol Propofol Thymol.
Glutethimide Methyprylon Piperidione Pyrithyldione. TRP channel modulators. Dehydroligustilide celery Nicotine tobacco Ruthenium red. Triptolide Tripterygium wilfordii.
Ruthenium red. Types of terpenes and terpenoids of isoprene units. Acyclic linear, cis and trans forms Monocyclic timol ad alcolismo ring Bicyclic 2 rings Iridoids cyclopentane ring Iridoid glycosides iridoids bound to a sugar Steroids 4 rings. Isoprene C 5 H 8 Prenol Isovaleric acid.
Ocimene Myrcenes. Limonene Terpinene Phellandrene Umbellulone. Grapefruit mercaptan menthol p-Cymene thymol Perillyl alcohol Carvacrol. Farnesyl pyrophosphate Artemisinin Bisabolol. Terpene timol ad alcolismo enzymes manyhaving in common a Terpene synthase N terminal domain protein domain. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Activators Triptolide Tripterygium wilfordii. Acyclic Ocimene Myrcenes.