Saint Columba Irish : Colm Cille'church dove'; [a]   Scots : Columbkille ;  7 December — 9 June was an Irish abbot and missionary Evangelist credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.
He founded the important abbey on Ionawhich became a dominant religious and political institution in the region for centuries. He is the Patron Saint of Derry. Colmcille studied under some of Ireland's most prominent church figures and founded several monasteries in the country.
He remained active in Irish politics, though he spent most of the remainder of his life in Scotland. Three surviving early medieval Latin hymns may be attributed to him. On his father's side, he is claimed as being great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostagesa pseudo-historical Irish high king of the 5th century. When sufficiently advanced in letters he entered the monastic school of Movilla, at Newtownardsunder St.
Finnian who had studied at St. Ninian 's "Magnum Monasterium" on the shores of Galloway. He was about twenty, and a deacon when, having completed his training at Movilla, he travelled southwards into Leinsterwhere he became a pupil of Rimedio di Colm aged bard named Gemman. On leaving him, Colmcille entered the monastery of Clonardgoverned at that time by Finniannoted for sanctity and learning.
Here he imbibed the traditions of the Welsh Church, for Finnian had been trained in the schools of St. In early Christian Ireland the druidic tradition collapsed due to the spread of the new Christian faith. The study of Latin learning and Christian theology in monasteries flourished. Colmcille became a pupil at the monastic school at Clonard Abbeysituated on the River Boyne in modern County Meath.
During the sixth century, some of the most significant names in the history of Celtic Christianity studied at the Clonard monastery. The average number of scholars under instruction at Clonard was said to be He became a monk and eventually was ordained Rimedio di Colm priest. A pestilence which devastated Ireland in caused the dispersion of Mobhi's disciples, and Colmcille returned to Ulsterthe land of his kindred.
He was a striking figure of great stature and powerful build, with a loud, melodious voice which could be heard from one hilltop to another. Thence he brought a copy of those gospels that had lain on the bosom of St.
Martin for the space of Rimedio di Colm. This relic was deposited in Derry. Some traditions assert that sometime around Rimedio di Colm became Rimedio di Colm in a quarrel with Saint Finnian of Movilla Abbey over a psalter. Colmcille copied the manuscript at the scriptorium under Saint Finnian, intending to Rimedio di Colm the copy.
Saint Finnian disputed his right to keep it. Richard Sharpe, translator of St. Columba referenced in the bibliography below makes a stern caution at this point against accepting the many references that link the battle and Columba's leaving of Ireland, even though there is evidence in the annals that Columba supported his own king against the high king.
Political conflicts that had existed for some time resulted in the clan Neill's battle against King Diarmait at Cooldrevny in An issue, for example, was the king's violation of the right of sanctuary belonging to Colmcille's person as a monk on the occasion of the murder of Prince Curnan, the saint's kinsman.
A synod of clerics Rimedio di Colm scholars threatened to excommunicate him for these deaths, but St Brendan of Birr spoke on his behalf. Eventually the process was deemed a miscarriage of justice. Colmcille's own conscience was uneasy, and on the advice of an aged hermit, Molaise, he resolved to expiate his sense Rimedio di Colm offence by departing Ireland. The term "exile" is used in some references. This, too, can be disputed, for the term "pilgrimage" Rimedio di Colm used more frequently in the literature about him.
He left Ireland, but through the following years he would return several times in relationships with the communities he had founded there.
Colmcille's copy of the psalter has been traditionally associated with the Cathach of St Colmcille. Inhe travelled to Scotland with twelve companions said to include Odran of Iona in a wicker currach covered with leather. According to legend he first landed on the Kintyre Peninsula, near Southend. However, being still in sight of his native land, he moved farther north up the west coast of Scotland. It is said that he banished a ferocious "water beast" to the depths of the River Ness after it had killed a Pict and then tried to attack Colmcille's disciple named Lugne see Vita Columbae Book Rimedio di Colm below.
He visited the pagan King BrideiKing of Fortriuat his base in Invernesswinning Bridei's respect, although not his Rimedio di Colm. He subsequently played a major role in the politics of the country. He was also very energetic in his work as a missionary, and, in addition to founding several churches in the Hebrideshe worked to turn his monastery at Iona into a school for missionaries.
He was a renowned man of lettershaving written several hymns and being credited with having transcribed books. One of the few, if not the only, times he left Scotland was towards the end of his life, when he returned to Ireland to found Rimedio di Colm monastery at Durrow. Colmcille died on Iona and was buried in by his monks in the abbey he created. In the Vikings descended on Iona. Colmcille's relics were finally removed in and divided between Scotland and Ireland.
Patrick and St. Brigid or at Saul Church neighbouring Downpatrick. Colmcille is the Rimedio di Colm of the city Rimedio di Colm Derrywhere he founded a Rimedio di Colm settlement in c. Colmcille's Primary School  and St. Colmcille's Community School  are two schools in KnocklyonDublin, named after him, with the former having an annual day dedicated to the saint on 9 June. The Columba Pressa religious and spiritual book company based in Dublin, is named after St.
Colmcille is credited as being a leading figure in the revitalisation of monasticism. Clan MacKinnon may also have some claim to Rimedio di Colm spiritual descendants of St Colmcille as after he founded Rimedio di Colm monastery on Isle Ionathe MacKinnons were the abbots of the Church for centuries. This would Rimedio di Colm account for the fact that Clan MacKinnon is amongst the ancient clans of Scotland.
Colmcille,  as are numerous Catholic schools and parishes throughout the nation. St Columba's Hospice, a prominent hospice in Edinburghis named after the saint.
Saint Colmcille currently has two poems attributed to him: "Adiutor Laborantium" and " Altus Rimedio di Colm ". The shorter of the two poems, "Adiutor Laborantium" consists of twenty-seven lines of eight syllables each, with each line following the format of an Abecedarian hymn using the Classical Latin alphabet save for lines and The content of the poem addresses God as a helper, ruler, guard, defender and lifter for those who are good and an enemy of sinners whom he Rimedio di Colm punish.
It uses the same format and alphabet as "Adiutor Laborantium" except with each stanza starting with a different letter rather than each line.
The poem tells a Rimedio di Colm over three parts split into the beginning of time, history of Creation, and the Apocalypse or end of time. As ofCanadians who are of Scottish ancestry are the third largest ethnic group in the country and thus Columba's name is to be found attached to Catholic, Anglican and Presbyterian Rimedio di Colm. This is particularly the case in eastern Canada, apart from French-speaking Quebec.
Throughout the US there are numerous parishes within the Catholic and Episcopalian denominations dedicated to Colmcille. The Cathedral there is named for him. Rimedio di Colm main source of information about Saint Colmcille's life is the Vita Columbae i.
Compiled and Rimedio di Colm by scribes and clergymen, these accounts were written in Latin and served as written collections of the deeds and miracles attributed to the saint, both during his or her life or after death. This earlier work is attributed to Cummene Find, who Rimedio di Colm the abbot of Iona and served as the leader of Rimedio di Colm monastic island community from until his death in A.
Rimedio di Colm the Vita Columbae often conflicts with contemporaneous accounts of various battles, figures, and Rimedio di Colm, it remains the most important surviving work from early medieval Scotland and provides a wealth of knowledge regarding the Picts and other ethnic and Rimedio di Colm groups from this time period. The Vita also offers a valuable insight into the monastic practices of Iona and the daily life of the early medieval Gaelic monks. Most of the short chapters begin with Saint Colmcille informing his fellow monks that a person will soon arrive on the island or an event will imminently occur.
In one notable instance, Colmcille appears in a dream to King Oswald of Northumbria, and announces the king's incoming victory against the King Catlon Cadwallon of Wales in the Battle of Heavenfield. Rimedio di Colm people of Britain promise to convert to Christianity and receive baptism after the conclusion of the war. This victory signals the re-Christianizing of pagan England, and establishes King Oswald as ruler of the entirety of Britain. Colmcille's other prophecies include when he sends a man named Batain off to perform his penance, but then Colmcille turns to his friends and says Batain will instead return to Scotia and be killed by his enemies.
In the second book, Colmcille performs various miracles such as healing people with diseases, expelling malignant Rimedio di Colm, subduing wild beasts, calming storms, and even returning the dead to life.
He also performs agricultural miracles that would hold a special significance to the common people of Ireland and the Britain such as when he casts a demon out of a pail and Rimedio di Colm the spilt milk to its container. The Vita contains a story that has been interpreted as the first reference to the Loch Ness Monster.
Colmcille saves a swimmer from the monster with the sign of the Cross and the imprecation, "Thou shalt go no further, nor touch the man; go back with all speed. Whether or not this incident is true, Adomnan's text specifically states that the monster was swimming in the River Ness — the Rimedio di Colm flowing from the Rimedio di Colm — rather than in Loch Ness itself. He mentions that, "For indeed after the lapse of many years, Colmcille was excommunicated by a certain synod for some pardonable and very trifling reasons, and indeed unjustly" P.
In one of the accounts, Saint Colmcille, in this period of excommunication, goes to a meeting held against him in Teilte. This Rimedio di Colm in the Holy Scriptures is called the Sabbath, which means Rimedio di Colm. And Rimedio di Colm day is indeed a Sabbath to me, for it is the last day of my present laborious life, and on it I rest Rimedio di Colm the fatigues of my labours; and this night at midnight, which commenceth the solemn Lord's Day, I shall, according to the sayings of Scripture, go the way of our fathers.
For already my Lord Jesus Christ deigneth to invite me; and to Him, I say, in the middle of this night shall I depart, at His invitation. For so it hath been revealed to me by the Lord himself.
And when the bell strikes midnight, Colmcille goes Rimedio di Colm the church and kneels beside the altar. His attendant witnesses heavenly light in the direction of Colmcille, and Holy angels join the Rimedio di Colm in his passage to the Lord:.
And having given them his holy benediction in this way, he immediately breathed his last. After his soul had left the tabernacle of the body, his face still continued ruddy, and brightened in a wonderful way by his vision of the angels, and that to such a degree that he had the appearance, not so much of one dead, as of one alive and sleeping. Another early source is a poem in praise of Colmcille, most probably commissioned by Colmcille's kinsman, the King of the Uí Néill clan.
It was Rimedio di Colm certainly written within three or four years of Colmcille's death and is the earliest vernacular poem in European history. It consists of 25 stanzas of four verses of seven syllables each, called the Amra Coluim Chille.