With a population of 1,, it is Russia's second-largest city east of the Ural Mountains after Novosibirskand seventh by size nationally. For a brief period during the Russian Civil War in —, it served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the imperial gold reserves. Omsk serves as the Colm in Omsk see of the bishop of Omsk and Taraas well as the administrative seat of the Imam of Siberia. The mayor is Oksana Fadina. The wooden fort of Omsk was built in by a cossack unit led by Ivan Buchholz to protect the expanding Russian frontier along the Ishim and the Irtysh rivers against the Kyrgyz and Dzungar nomads of the Steppes.
The original Tobolsk and the restored Tara gates, along with the Colm in Omsk German Lutheran Church and Colm in Omsk public buildings are left from that time. Omsk was granted town status in In Omsk became an Colm in Omsk capital of Western Siberia and later in the center of the vast Steppes region today the northern part of Kazakhstan and Akmolinsk Oblastin particular acquiring several churches and cathedrals of various denominations, mosques, a Colm in Omsk, the governor-general's mansion, and a military academy.
For that time Omsk became a major center of the Siberian exile. From to Fyodor Dostoyevsky served his sentence in an Omsk katorga prison. Development of the city was catalyzed with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway in the s that affected significance of Omsk as a logistic hub.
Many trade companies established stores and offices in Omsk defining the character of the Colm in Omsk center. British, Dutch, and German consulates were Colm in Omsk roughly at the same time in order to represent their commercial interests.
The pinnacle of development for pre-revolutionary Omsk was the Siberian Colm in Omsk of Agriculture and Industry in The " Provisional All-Russian Government " was established here inheaded by the Arctic explorer and decorated war hero Admiral Kolchak.
Omsk was proclaimed the capital of Russia, and its central bank was tasked with safekeeping the former empire's gold reserves. Bolshevik forces entered the city in The Soviet government preferred the young Novonikolayevsk later known as Novosibirsk Colm in Omsk the administrative center of Western Siberia, prompting the mass transfer of administrative, cultural, and educational functions from Omsk. This somewhat stunted Omsk's growth and sparked a continuing rivalry between the two cities.
Because it was both far from the fighting and had a well-developed infrastructure, Omsk provided a perfect haven for much of the industry evacuated away from the frontlines in Additionally, contingency plans were made to transfer the provisional Soviet capital to Omsk in the event of a German victory during the Battle of Moscow October to January Colm in Omsk Kirov Factory no. Omsk Transmash declared bankruptcy in In the s, following the development of the oil and natural-gas field in Siberia, an oil-refining complex was built, along with an entire "town of oil workers", expanding Omsk northward along the Irtysh.
It is currently the largest such complex in Russia. Gazprom Neftthe parent company, is the largest employer in the city, wielding its tax rates as leverage in negotiations with municipal and regional authorities. Following the dissolution of the Soviet UnionOmsk experienced a period of economic instability and political stagnation. Most of the city's large businesses, which had previously been state owned, were fought over Colm in Omsk members of the former party elite, the emerging nouveau richeand fast growing Colm in Omsk syndicates.
The most notorious cases involved the privatization of SibneftColm in Omsk major oil company, which dragged on for several years. Until the end of the s, political life in Omsk was defined by an ongoing feud between the oblast and city authorities. The resulting conflict made Colm in Omsk least two points of view available to the public and served as the impetus for some improvements to the city's infrastructure and cultural life.
These included the construction of new leisure parks and the renovation of the city's historic center, the establishment of the annual Siberian International Marathonand of the annual City Days Festival. Despite this, internal political competition drained the Omsk's resources and served as a major obstacle for smooth government operations and city development.
Omsk is situated on the south of the West Siberian Plain along the banks of the north-flowing Irtysh at its confluence with the Om River. Omsk is an important railroad hub, and is the junction point Colm in Omsk the northern Colm in Omsk southern branches of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
The city also serves as a major hub for the regional highway network. River-port facilities handle both passengers and freight, giving the Colm in Omsk access to navigating the extensive waterways of the Irtysh and Ob River. The waterways connect Omsk with the coal and mineral-mining towns further up the river in Kazakhstanas well as with the oil, Colm in Omsk gas and lumber operations of northern Siberia.
Omsk is Colm in Omsk by the Tsentralny Airportwhich offers access to domestic and international primarily, Colm in Omsk and Kazakh destinations, making the city an important aviation hub for Siberia and the Russian Far East. Omsk has a humid continental climate Dfb characterized by dramatic swings of weather. The average annual precipitation is millimeters Within the framework of administrative divisionsit is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Colm in Omsk administrative Colm in Omsk with the status equal to that of the districts.
The population in Omsk had been steadily rising, according to the records: from 31, in to 53, in and to 1, in The area is an eclectic mix of architectural styles, dominated by Art-Nouveau, Neoclassical and Second Empire.
Closer to the confluence of the Om and the Irtysh are the few surviving sombre buildings of the 18th-century fortress. The largest and most opulent church in the city is the Dormition Cathedrala five-domed edifice in the Russian Revival style, consecrated indemolished by the Soviets, and restored in the first decade of the 21st century. Another area of interest is Nikolsky Avenue-Krasnykh Zor Street, where a line of merchants' wooden houses still stands.
The street leads to the Neoclassical cathedral of St. Nicholaswhich was commissioned by the Cossacksdesigned by Vasily Stasov and consecrated in It contains various relics of the Siberian Cossacks. As a prominent educational center, Omsk has a number of museums, theaters, music venues, and educational institutions. Omsk is a major rail, road, and air hub. Additionally, Omsk possesses a river port on the Irtysh, offering service to domestic destinations and to cities within Kazakhstan.
Municipal Transport consists of a large bus and trolley, and tram networks, although the latter of these has deteriorated severely since the collapse of the USSR. A Metro system, proposed in the late s, but postponed for lack of funds, is currently under construction, with the Metro bridge over the Irtysh River.
The bridge is already opened for cars upper levelbut the metro lower level is still under construction. As a first step, one short line will connect the districts in the northwest with the city center. As ofonly one station is Colm in Omsk and serves as a pedestrian subway.
Omsk is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free Colm in Omsk. For the steamships named Omsk, see SS Omsk. City in Omsk Oblast, Russia. City . Coat of arms. Location of Omsk. Administrative status. Municipal status.
See also: Timeline of Omsk. Main article: List of people from Omsk. Egor Averinice hockey player Vladimir Barnashovbiathlete and biathlon coach Vitalina Batsarashkinasports shooter Viktor Blinovice hockey player Tatiana Borodulinaspeed skater Colm in Omsk Jaskinice hockey player Sergei Kalininice hockey player Yevgeniya Kanayevarhythmic gymnast Yuliya KosenkovaColm in Omsk distance athlete Vera Krasnovaspeed skater Marat Mulashevprofessional football Nikita Nikitinice hockey player Nikita Pivtsakinice hockey player Anastasija Reibergerpole vaulter Dennis Sivermixed martial arts fighter Yuri Shatalovice hockey player Alexander Shlemenkomixed martial arts fighter Galima Shugurovarhythmic gymnast Sofya Skomorokhrhythmic gymnast Roman Sloudnovswimmer Alexander Svitovice hockey player Dmitri Sychevassociation football player Andrei Taratukhinice hockey player Irina Tchachina Colm in Omsk, rhythmic gymnast Aleksei Tishchenkoboxer Polina Tsurskayafigure skater.
See also: List of Colm in Omsk towns and sister cities in Russia. Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, June 3, Retrieved January 19, Russian Post. Colm in Omsk November 30, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Administrative divisions of Omsk Oblast. Historical capitals of Rus' and Russian states and their predecessors. Predecessors of modern Russia. Ryurikovo GorodischeNovgorod — Kiev — Vladimir-on-Klyazma — Petersburg — Petersburg — de facto Moscow — St.