Delirium tremens is a severe form of alcohol withdrawal. It involves sudden and severe mental or nervous system changes. Delirium tremens can occur when you stop drinking alcohol after a period of heavy drinking, especially if you do not eat enough food. Delirium tremens may also be caused by head injury, infection, or illness in people with a history of heavy alcohol use.
It occurs most often in people who have a history of alcohol withdrawal. It is especially common in those forum su delirium tremens drink 4 to 5 pints 1. Delirium tremens also commonly affects people who have used alcohol for more than 10 years. Symptoms most often occur within 48 to 96 hours after the last drink. But, they may occur 7 to 10 days after the last drink. Long-term preventive treatment should begin after the person forum su delirium tremens from Forum su delirium tremens symptoms.
This may involve:. Attending a support group regularly is a key to recovering from alcohol use. Delirium tremens is serious and may be life threatening. Some symptoms related to alcohol withdrawal may last for a year or more, including:.
Forum su delirium tremens to the emergency room or call the local emergency number such as if you have symptoms. Delirium tremens is an emergency condition. If you go to the hospital for another reason, tell the providers if you've been drinking heavily so they can monitor you for symptoms of alcohol withdrawal.
Avoid or reduce the use of alcohol. Get prompt medical treatment for symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol-related disorders. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Identification and management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
PMID: www. O'Connor PG. Alcohol use disorders. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Updated by: David C.
Editorial team. Delirium tremens. Exams and Tests. Delirium tremens is a medical emergency. The health care provider will perform a physical exam. The goals of treatment are to: Save the person's life Relieve symptoms Prevent complications A hospital stay is needed.
The health care team will regularly check: Blood chemistry results, such as electrolyte levels Body fluid levels Vital signs temperature, pulse, breathing rate, blood pressure While in the hospital, the person will receive medicines to: Stay calm and relaxed sedated until the DTs forum su delirium tremens finished Treat seizures, anxiety, or tremors Treat mental disorders, if any Long-term preventive treatment should begin after the person recovers from Forum su delirium tremens symptoms.
This may involve: A "drying out" period, in which no alcohol is allowed Total and lifelong avoidance of alcohol abstinence Counseling Going to support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous Treatment may be needed for other medical problems that can occur with alcohol use, including: Alcoholic cardiomyopathy Alcoholic liver disease Alcoholic neuropathy Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
Outlook Prognosis. Some symptoms forum su delirium tremens to alcohol withdrawal may last for a year or more, including: Emotional mood swings Feeling tired Sleeplessness. Possible Complications.
When to Contact a Medical Professional. Alternative Names. Delirium Read more.